By Malorie Matos
Senator Robert C. Byrd’s political career was a long and substantial one, spanning over 60 years, but the late senator’s impressive career may have never begun at all had it not been for an unlikely political tool: his fiddle.
When 29 year-old Robert Byrd first considered a run for the West Virginia House of Delegates in 1946, his chances at victory seemed highly unlikely. Byrd was not an established politician, nor did he have any money or political connections. He was simply a small-town butcher from a poor coal-mining family with no way of effectively gaining support. It was not until an acquaintance of Byrd’s suggested he play his fiddle at rallies that his luck began to change.
Newspapers quickly took notice of Byrd’s unique campaign tactics, often calling him “Fiddlin’ Bob Byrd.” Ads in local papers announced appearances by Robert C. Byrd, saying, “Come and see the candidate who campaigns in the style of the old-fashioned South with his trusty fiddle and the bow!”
It was not until he announced his candidacy for President in 1976 that Senator Byrd’s fiddling reemerged in the public eye. Byrd once again used his musical skill to attract the attention of potential voters. He played at special events, including the African American Democratic Party dinner and southern political rallies.
Byrd did not continue with his presidential campaign, instead choosing to pursue the position of Senate Majority Leader, but his characterization as “the fiddlin’ senator” had made a comeback during his brief time on the campaign trail.
In the years following, Byrd made numerous public appearances playing tunes on his fiddle. He played at several Democratic Party functions, and he even played fiddle with a Panamanian orchestra on a senatorial trip to settle the controversy over the Panama Canal treaties. The senator also made the rounds at dozens of community festivals in West Virginia, playing with local string bands and maintaining the country-boy image that so endeared him to his voters.
Senator Byrd continued to use the fiddle to boost his public image throughout the 1970’s. He appeared on the television show Hee Haw, played at the prestigious Grand Ole Opry, and finally solidified his unusual place in popular culture with the release of his bluegrass album, Mountain Fiddler. These appearances helped to soften the serious demeanor for which Byrd gained a reputation during his time in Congress.
Child of the Appalachian Coalfields by Robert C. Byrd
New York Times article, Oct. 18, 1958
The Raleigh Register ad, July 28, 1946
The Last Great Senator: Robert C. Byrd’s Encounters with Eleven U.S. Presidents by David Corbin